Landscape Painting

Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910)
Indian Encampment, c. 1870–76
Oil on canvas, 14 1/2 x 21 7/8 in. (36.8 x 55.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.151

Object-Worthington Whittredge, Indian Encampment

A well-traveled, versatile, and successful painter, Worthington Whittredge produced many scenes of the American West during his long career. In the 1860s and 1870s, he made three trips to the Western plains and the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and northern New Mexico. Unlike his contemporaries, who painted dramatic, monumental views of the mountainous frontier, Whittredge created intimate images of the terrain. This canvas pictures a group of Native Americans camped along a shallow stretch of the Platte River in Colorado, which flows toward the Rocky Mountains. The fresh green foliage suggests the bounty of late spring or early summer, and the entire landscape is bathed in a beneficent light. Although the artist was aware of the violent conflicts between Native Americans and Anglo-American settlers in the region, his painting presents an indigenous community as peaceful dwellers in nature, at a safe remove from the presumably white viewer.

Learn more about this painting on the Terra Foundation website.


Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910)
Indian Encampment, c. 1870–76
Oil on canvas, 14 1/2 x 21 7/8 in. (36.8 x 55.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.151

Landscape Painting

Thomas Cole (1801–1848)
Landscape with Figures: A Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans", 1826
Oil on panel, 26 1/8 x 43 1/16 in. (66.4 x 109.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.2
William S. Jewett (1821–1873)
The Promised Land - The Grayson Family, 1850
Oil on canvas, 50 3/4 x 64 in. (128.9 x 162.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.79
John Frederick Kensett (1816–1872)
Almy Pond, Newport, c. 1857
Oil on canvas, 12 5/8 x 22 1/8 in. (32.1 x 56.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.42
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
Our Banner in the Sky, 1861
Oil paint over lithograph on paper, laid down on cardboard, 7 1/2 x 11 3/8 in. (19.0 x 28.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.27
William Stanley Haseltine (1835–1900)
Rocks at Nahant, 1864
Oil on canvas, 22 3/8 x 40 1/2 in. (56.8 x 102.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.65
Thomas Moran (1837–1926)
Autumn Afternoon, the Wissahickon, 1864
Oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 45 1/4 in. (76.8 x 114.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.99
Fitz Henry Lane (1804–1865)
Brace's Rock, Brace's Cove, 1864
Oil on canvas, 10 1/4 x 15 1/4 in. (26.0 x 38.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.83
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Hunter Mountain, Twilight, 1866
Oil on canvas, 30 5/8 x 54 1/8 in. (77.8 x 137.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.57
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay, 1866
Oil on canvas, 14 1/4 x 30 1/4 in. (36.2 x 76.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.11
John La Farge (1835–1910
Paradise Valley, 1866–68
Oil on canvas, 32 5/8 x 42 in. (82.9 x 106.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1996.92
Martin Johnson Heade (1819–1904)
Newburyport Marshes: Approaching Storm, c. 1871
Oil on canvas, 15 1/4 x 30 1/8 in. (38.7 x 76.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.68
Alfred Thompson Bricher (1837–1908)
The Sidewheeler "The City of St. Paul" on the Mississippi River, Dubuque, Iowa, 1872
Oil on canvas mounted on board, 20 1/8 x 38 1/8 in. (51.1 x 96.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.18
Francis A. Silva (1835–1886)
On the Hudson near Haverstraw, 1872
Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 30 3/8 in. (46.4 x 77.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.16
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
The Iceberg, c. 1875
Oil on canvas, 22 x 27 in. (55.9 x 68.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.6
Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910)
Indian Encampment, c. 1870–76
Oil on canvas, 14 1/2 x 21 7/8 in. (36.8 x 55.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.151