Early American Painting

Washington Allston (1779–1843)
Lorenzo and Jessica, 1832
Oil on artist's board, 15 x 18 in. (38.1 x 45.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2000.3

Object - Washington Allston, Lorenzo and Jessica

Washington Allston was one of America’s first successful academically trained artists. He is especially notable for blending the legacy of European traditions with the contemporary cultural movement known as romanticism. Painted late in Allston’s career, Lorenzo and Jessica demonstrates his admiration for the art of the Venetian Renaissance and his taste for literary themes. Based on act 5, scene 1 of William Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice (first published in 1600), it depicts the solitary newlyweds reclining together on a bank. Isolating the two characters from the context of the play, the painting ignores the themes of vengeance and racial strife central to Shakespeare’s original work. Instead, it portrays the pair as a classic embodiment of romantic love. The interplay of rich shadows and softened forms creates a contemplative, intimate, and somewhat mysterious atmosphere that suggests Allston’s dreamy, idealized interpretation of the Italian Renaissance.

Learn more about this painting on the Terra Foundation website.


Washington Allston (1779–1843)
Lorenzo and Jessica, 1832
Oil on artist's board, 15 x 18 in. (38.1 x 45.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2000.3

Early American Painting

John Lewis Krimmel (1786–1821)
Blind Man's Buff, 1814
Oil on canvas, 16 5/8 x 22 1/16 in. (42.2 x 56.0 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.82
John Singleton Copley (1738–1815)
Portrait of Mrs. John Stevens (Judith Sargent, later Mrs. John Murray), 1770–72
Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 in. (127.0 x 101.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2000.6
Rembrandt Peale (1778–1860)
George Washington, Porthole Portrait, after 1824
Oil on canvas, 36 1/4 x 29 3/16 in. (92.1 x 74.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.53
Edward Hicks (1780–1849)
A Peaceable Kingdom with Quakers Bearing Banners, c. 1829–1830
Oil on canvas, 17 5/8 x 23 5/8 in. (44.8 x 60.0 cm) . Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.7
Ammi Phillips (1788–1865)
Girl in a Red Dress, c. 1835
Oil on canvas, 32 3/8 x 27 3/8 in. (82.2 x 69.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.57
Erastus Salisbury Field (1805–1900)
Portrait of a Woman said to be Clarissa Gallond Cook, in front of a Cityscape, c. 1838
Oil on canvas, 34 3/4 x 28 3/8 in. (88.3 x 72.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2000.4
Samuel F. B. Morse (1791–1872)
Gallery of the Louvre, 1831–33
Oil on canvas, 73 3/4 x 108 in. (187.3 x 274.3 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.51
Washington Allston (1779–1843)
Lorenzo and Jessica, 1832
Oil on artist's board, 15 x 18 in. (38.1 x 45.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2000.3
Jonathan Adams Bartlett (1817–1902)
Portrait of Harriet, c. 1840
Oil on canvas, 28 1/4 x 23 13/16 in. (71.8 x 60.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.14
Thomas Sully (1783–1872)
Portrait of Blanch Sully, 1839
Oil on paperboard, 24 x 20 in. (61.0 x 50.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2000.2