Landscape Painting

Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay, 1866
Oil on canvas, 14 1/4 x 30 1/4 in. (36.2 x 76.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.11

Object-Sanford Robinson Gifford, Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay

The most representative feature of Gifford’s landscapes is the unifying effect of glowing natural light. Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay is one of his many images of this stretch of the river just north of New York City, an area that was both his birthplace and the original site of America’s first native landscape painting movement, the Hudson River school. From a vantage point diagonally northwest across the river at its widest point, the view focuses on High Tor, a mountain towering eight hundred feet above the water. The numerous boats gliding along the river are visual counterpoints to the still perfection of the luminous water and sky, and hint at the Hudson’s role as one of the nation’s most vital avenues of transportation. A tranquil scene bathed in a diffused, cool morning light, it exemplifies Gifford’s assertion that “landscape painting is air painting.”

Learn more about this painting on the Terra Foundation website.


Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay, 1866
Oil on canvas, 14 1/4 x 30 1/4 in. (36.2 x 76.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.11

Landscape Painting

Thomas Cole (1801–1848)
Landscape with Figures: A Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans", 1826
Oil on panel, 26 1/8 x 43 1/16 in. (66.4 x 109.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.2
William S. Jewett (1821–1873)
The Promised Land - The Grayson Family, 1850
Oil on canvas, 50 3/4 x 64 in. (128.9 x 162.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.79
John Frederick Kensett (1816–1872)
Almy Pond, Newport, c. 1857
Oil on canvas, 12 5/8 x 22 1/8 in. (32.1 x 56.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.42
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
Our Banner in the Sky, 1861
Oil paint over lithograph on paper, laid down on cardboard, 7 1/2 x 11 3/8 in. (19.0 x 28.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.27
William Stanley Haseltine (1835–1900)
Rocks at Nahant, 1864
Oil on canvas, 22 3/8 x 40 1/2 in. (56.8 x 102.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.65
Thomas Moran (1837–1926)
Autumn Afternoon, the Wissahickon, 1864
Oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 45 1/4 in. (76.8 x 114.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.99
Fitz Henry Lane (1804–1865)
Brace's Rock, Brace's Cove, 1864
Oil on canvas, 10 1/4 x 15 1/4 in. (26.0 x 38.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.83
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Hunter Mountain, Twilight, 1866
Oil on canvas, 30 5/8 x 54 1/8 in. (77.8 x 137.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.57
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay, 1866
Oil on canvas, 14 1/4 x 30 1/4 in. (36.2 x 76.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.11
John La Farge (1835–1910
Paradise Valley, 1866–68
Oil on canvas, 32 5/8 x 42 in. (82.9 x 106.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1996.92
Martin Johnson Heade (1819–1904)
Newburyport Marshes: Approaching Storm, c. 1871
Oil on canvas, 15 1/4 x 30 1/8 in. (38.7 x 76.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.68
Alfred Thompson Bricher (1837–1908)
The Sidewheeler "The City of St. Paul" on the Mississippi River, Dubuque, Iowa, 1872
Oil on canvas mounted on board, 20 1/8 x 38 1/8 in. (51.1 x 96.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.18
Francis A. Silva (1835–1886)
On the Hudson near Haverstraw, 1872
Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 30 3/8 in. (46.4 x 77.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.16
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
The Iceberg, c. 1875
Oil on canvas, 22 x 27 in. (55.9 x 68.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.6
Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910)
Indian Encampment, c. 1870–76
Oil on canvas, 14 1/2 x 21 7/8 in. (36.8 x 55.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.151