Landscape Painting

Francis A. Silva (1835–1886)
On the Hudson near Haverstraw, 1872
Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 30 3/8 in. (46.4 x 77.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.16

Object-Francis A. Silva, On the Hudson near Haverstraw

Francis Augustus Silva painted coastal and river scenes of the northeastern United States that feature low horizons, delicate color, and crystalline light. On the Hudson near Haverstraw, one of many views of the river that the artist produced, demonstrates his concern for subtle light effects. The image captures the scene in late afternoon; the low sun highlights the vessels and tints both water and sky with a narrow range of pastel shades. Unified by its pervasive illumination, the painting is both precisely rendered and geographically specific, showing the town of Haverstraw on the far shore. Silva’s serene painting reflects the evolution of the Hudson River school landscape tradition. While artists affiliated with it had mined the same region in earlier decades for vistas that celebrated the dramatic character of the American wilderness, Silva and his contemporaries favored tranquil, horizontal compositions with diffuse light and smoothly painted surfaces.

Learn more about this painting on the Terra Foundation website.


Francis A. Silva (1835–1886)
On the Hudson near Haverstraw, 1872
Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 30 3/8 in. (46.4 x 77.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.16

Landscape Painting

Thomas Cole (1801–1848)
Landscape with Figures: A Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans", 1826
Oil on panel, 26 1/8 x 43 1/16 in. (66.4 x 109.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.2
William S. Jewett (1821–1873)
The Promised Land - The Grayson Family, 1850
Oil on canvas, 50 3/4 x 64 in. (128.9 x 162.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.79
John Frederick Kensett (1816–1872)
Almy Pond, Newport, c. 1857
Oil on canvas, 12 5/8 x 22 1/8 in. (32.1 x 56.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.42
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
Our Banner in the Sky, 1861
Oil paint over lithograph on paper, laid down on cardboard, 7 1/2 x 11 3/8 in. (19.0 x 28.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.27
William Stanley Haseltine (1835–1900)
Rocks at Nahant, 1864
Oil on canvas, 22 3/8 x 40 1/2 in. (56.8 x 102.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.65
Thomas Moran (1837–1926)
Autumn Afternoon, the Wissahickon, 1864
Oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 45 1/4 in. (76.8 x 114.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.99
Fitz Henry Lane (1804–1865)
Brace's Rock, Brace's Cove, 1864
Oil on canvas, 10 1/4 x 15 1/4 in. (26.0 x 38.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.83
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Hunter Mountain, Twilight, 1866
Oil on canvas, 30 5/8 x 54 1/8 in. (77.8 x 137.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.57
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay, 1866
Oil on canvas, 14 1/4 x 30 1/4 in. (36.2 x 76.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.11
John La Farge (1835–1910
Paradise Valley, 1866–68
Oil on canvas, 32 5/8 x 42 in. (82.9 x 106.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1996.92
Martin Johnson Heade (1819–1904)
Newburyport Marshes: Approaching Storm, c. 1871
Oil on canvas, 15 1/4 x 30 1/8 in. (38.7 x 76.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.68
Alfred Thompson Bricher (1837–1908)
The Sidewheeler "The City of St. Paul" on the Mississippi River, Dubuque, Iowa, 1872
Oil on canvas mounted on board, 20 1/8 x 38 1/8 in. (51.1 x 96.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.18
Francis A. Silva (1835–1886)
On the Hudson near Haverstraw, 1872
Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 30 3/8 in. (46.4 x 77.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.16
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
The Iceberg, c. 1875
Oil on canvas, 22 x 27 in. (55.9 x 68.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.6
Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910)
Indian Encampment, c. 1870–76
Oil on canvas, 14 1/2 x 21 7/8 in. (36.8 x 55.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.151