Early Abstract and Modernist Painting

Albert Eugene Gallatin (1881–1952)
Room Space, 1937–38
Oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 25 3/8 in. (76.8 x 64.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.56

Object-Albert Eugene Gallatin, Room Space

A champion of abstract art, Albert Eugene Gallatin belonged to a group of New York City artists dubbed the Park Avenue Cubists, united in their affluence and their advocacy for cubist-inflected abstract painting. A simple arrangement of fields of yellow, blue, brown, and black with superimposed geometric shapes, Room Space is typical of Gallatin’s spare compositions. The artist took up painting seriously in 1936, after many years as an active collector of European modern art. With its combination of vibrant hues and dark neutral tones, the canvas is indebted particularly to Dutch artist Piet Mondrian (1872–1944), whose geometric and abstract paintings feature bright primary colors, and to the achromatic palette favored by Pablo Picasso (1881–1973) and Juan Gris (1887–1927). Gallatin dedicated his art, as he did his collecting, to promoting abstraction during a period when figurative art and nationalist sentiment attracted greater critical attention.

Learn more about this painting on the Terra Foundation website.


Albert Eugene Gallatin (1881–1952)
Room Space, 1937–38
Oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 25 3/8 in. (76.8 x 64.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.56

Early Abstract and Modernist Painting

Joseph Stella (1877–1946)
Telegraph Poles with Buildings, 1917
Oil on canvas, 36 1/4 x 30 1/4 in. (92.1 x 76.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.139
Max Weber (1881–1961)
Construction, 1915
Oil on canvas, 22 7/8 x 27 7/8 in. (58.1 x 70.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1987.31
Patrick Henry Bruce (1881–1936)
Peinture, 1917–18
Oil and graphite on canvas, 25 5/8 x 32 1/8 in. (65.1 x 81.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.21
Marsden Hartley (1877–1943)
Painting No. 50, 1914–15
Oil on canvas, 47 x 47 in. (119.4 x 119.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.61
Arthur Dove (1880–1946)
Nature Symbolized #3: Steeple and Trees, 1911–12
Pastel on board mounted on wood panel, 18 x 21 1/2 in. (45.7 x 54.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection. Image courtesy: The Estate of Arthur G. Dove/Terry Dintenfass, Inc., 1992.33
Arthur Dove (1880–1946)
Sails, 1911–12
Pastel on composition board mounted on wood panel, 17 7/8 x 21 1/2 in. (45.4 x 54.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection. Image courtesy: The Estate of Arthur G. Dove/Terry Dintenfass, Inc., 1993.10
Charles Demuth (1883–1935)
Welcome to Our City, 1921
Oil on canvas, 25 1/8 x 20 1/8 in. (63.8 x 51.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.3
Yasuo Kuniyoshi (1880–1953)
Boy with Cow, 1921
Oil on canvas, 16 1/8 × 20 in. (41 × 50.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund. Image © Estate of Yasuo Kuniyoshi/Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York., 2017.1
Stuart Davis (1892–1964)
Super Table, 1925
Oil on canvas, 48 x 34 1/8 in. (122.2 x 86.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection. Image © Estate of Stuart Davis/Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York., 1999.37
Helen Torr (1886–1967)
Purple and Green Leaves, 1927
Oil on copper mounted on board, 20 1/4 x 15 1/4 in. (51.4 x 38.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.142
Arthur Dove (1880–1946)
Boat Going through Inlet, c. 1929
Oil on tin, 20 1/8 × 28 1/4 in. (51.1 × 71.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund. Image courtesy: The Estate of Arthur G. Dove/Terry Dintenfass, Inc., 2015.6
John Graham (1881–1961)
The Green Chair, 1928
Oil on canvas, 39 1/2 × 28 7/8 in. (100.3 × 73.3 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.60
John Storrs (1885–1956)
Politics, 1931
Oil on canvas, 40 x 40 in. (101.6 x 101.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2008.1
John Marin (1870–1953)
Brooklyn Bridge, on the Bridge, 1930
Watercolor on paper, 21 3/4 x 26 3/4 in. (55.2 x 67.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection. Image © Estate of John Marin/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York., 1999.95
John Marin (1870–1953)
Sailboat, Brooklyn Bridge, New York Skyline, 1934
Oil on canvas board, 14 x 17 3/4 in. (35.6 x 45.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2006.1
Georgia O'Keeffe (1887–1986)
Red Amaryllis, 1937
Oil on canvas, 12 x 10 1/8 in. (30.5 x 25.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Gift of Mrs. Henrietta Roig. Image © Georgia O'Keeffe Museum/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York., C1984.1
Albert Eugene Gallatin (1881–1952)
Room Space, 1937–38
Oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 25 3/8 in. (76.8 x 64.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.56
Milton Avery (1885–1965)
Adolescence, 1947
Oil and graphite on canvas, 30 × 40 in. (76.2 × 101.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection. Image © 2018 The Milton Avery Trust/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York., 1992.3
George Tooker (1920–2011)
Highway, 1953
Egg tempera on gesso hardboard, 22 7/8 x 17 7/8 in. (58.1 x 45.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection. Image © Estate of George Tooker. Courtesy of DC Moore Gallery, New York., 1992.134
Ed Paschke (1939–2004)
Topcat Boy, 1970
Acrylic on canvas, 71 x 51 in. (180.3 x 129.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 2017.3
Philip Evergood (1901–1973)
Passing Show, 1951
Oil on canvas mounted on Masonite, 65 1/2 x 48 in. (166.4 x 121.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.34
Jamie Wyeth (b. 1946)
Kalounna in Frogtown, 1986
Oil on Masonite, 36 x 50 1/8 in. (91.4 x 127.3 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.163