Landscape Painting

Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
The Iceberg, c. 1875
Oil on canvas, 22 x 27 in. (55.9 x 68.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.6

Object-Frederic Edwin Church, The Iceberg

Throughout his long career, Frederic Edwin Church traveled to—and painted scenes of—a range of exotic locales, from equatorial South America to the Arctic. This work shows a schooner gliding by a shadowy iceberg; the setting sun illuminates the upper reaches of the frozen structure. The ship’s translucent sails suggest its apparent fragility in contrast to the solid, towering mass rising from the dark sea. The iceberg’s jagged contours reflect the violence of its formation, while the steep incline of its terrace lines—the result of gradual tipping as it melts underwater—signals its inevitable demise. Church painted The Iceberg from memory, nearly two decades after his initial Arctic voyage, assisted by his oil sketches of the region. The resulting work thus consolidates firsthand observation and distant recall into an evocative meditation on human frailty and the relentless passage of time.

Learn more about this painting on the Terra Foundation website.


Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
The Iceberg, c. 1875
Oil on canvas, 22 x 27 in. (55.9 x 68.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.6

Landscape Painting

Thomas Cole (1801–1848)
Landscape with Figures: A Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans", 1826
Oil on panel, 26 1/8 x 43 1/16 in. (66.4 x 109.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.2
William S. Jewett (1821–1873)
The Promised Land - The Grayson Family, 1850
Oil on canvas, 50 3/4 x 64 in. (128.9 x 162.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.79
John Frederick Kensett (1816–1872)
Almy Pond, Newport, c. 1857
Oil on canvas, 12 5/8 x 22 1/8 in. (32.1 x 56.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.42
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
Our Banner in the Sky, 1861
Oil paint over lithograph on paper, laid down on cardboard, 7 1/2 x 11 3/8 in. (19.0 x 28.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.27
William Stanley Haseltine (1835–1900)
Rocks at Nahant, 1864
Oil on canvas, 22 3/8 x 40 1/2 in. (56.8 x 102.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.65
Thomas Moran (1837–1926)
Autumn Afternoon, the Wissahickon, 1864
Oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 45 1/4 in. (76.8 x 114.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.99
Fitz Henry Lane (1804–1865)
Brace's Rock, Brace's Cove, 1864
Oil on canvas, 10 1/4 x 15 1/4 in. (26.0 x 38.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.83
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Hunter Mountain, Twilight, 1866
Oil on canvas, 30 5/8 x 54 1/8 in. (77.8 x 137.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.57
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay, 1866
Oil on canvas, 14 1/4 x 30 1/4 in. (36.2 x 76.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.11
John La Farge (1835–1910
Paradise Valley, 1866–68
Oil on canvas, 32 5/8 x 42 in. (82.9 x 106.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1996.92
Martin Johnson Heade (1819–1904)
Newburyport Marshes: Approaching Storm, c. 1871
Oil on canvas, 15 1/4 x 30 1/8 in. (38.7 x 76.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.68
Alfred Thompson Bricher (1837–1908)
The Sidewheeler "The City of St. Paul" on the Mississippi River, Dubuque, Iowa, 1872
Oil on canvas mounted on board, 20 1/8 x 38 1/8 in. (51.1 x 96.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.18
Francis A. Silva (1835–1886)
On the Hudson near Haverstraw, 1872
Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 30 3/8 in. (46.4 x 77.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.16
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
The Iceberg, c. 1875
Oil on canvas, 22 x 27 in. (55.9 x 68.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.6
Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910)
Indian Encampment, c. 1870–76
Oil on canvas, 14 1/2 x 21 7/8 in. (36.8 x 55.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.151