Landscape Painting

Alfred Thompson Bricher (1837–1908)
The Sidewheeler "The City of St. Paul" on the Mississippi River, Dubuque, Iowa, 1872
Oil on canvas mounted on board, 20 1/8 x 38 1/8 in. (51.1 x 96.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.18

Object-Alfred Thompson Bricher, The Sidewheeler “The City of St. Paul” on the Mississippi River, Dubuque, Iowa,

Alfred Thompson Bricher’s coastal landscape paintings are characterized by low, flat horizons and pervasive light. When he traveled from the northeastern United States to the upper Mississippi River valley in 1866, the artist made sketches that would become the basis for studio paintings such as this one. The Dubuque merchant whose dry-goods store appears on the riverbank at left purchased the completed canvas. Bricher was equally attentive in his depiction of the sidewheeler, a type of steamboat well known on the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. The Sidewheeler pictures the expansive Mississippi under a glowing pink sky, framed by the riverbank and steamboat on the left and by sailboats, bluffs, and storm clouds on the right. The work demonstrates Bricher’s embrace of the then-emerging American landscape painting style that favored tranquil scenes over the pictorial drama of the Hudson River school.

Learn more about this painting on the Terra Foundation website.


Alfred Thompson Bricher (1837–1908)
The Sidewheeler "The City of St. Paul" on the Mississippi River, Dubuque, Iowa, 1872
Oil on canvas mounted on board, 20 1/8 x 38 1/8 in. (51.1 x 96.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.18

Landscape Painting

Thomas Cole (1801–1848)
Landscape with Figures: A Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans", 1826
Oil on panel, 26 1/8 x 43 1/16 in. (66.4 x 109.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.2
William S. Jewett (1821–1873)
The Promised Land - The Grayson Family, 1850
Oil on canvas, 50 3/4 x 64 in. (128.9 x 162.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.79
John Frederick Kensett (1816–1872)
Almy Pond, Newport, c. 1857
Oil on canvas, 12 5/8 x 22 1/8 in. (32.1 x 56.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.42
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
Our Banner in the Sky, 1861
Oil paint over lithograph on paper, laid down on cardboard, 7 1/2 x 11 3/8 in. (19.0 x 28.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.27
William Stanley Haseltine (1835–1900)
Rocks at Nahant, 1864
Oil on canvas, 22 3/8 x 40 1/2 in. (56.8 x 102.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.65
Thomas Moran (1837–1926)
Autumn Afternoon, the Wissahickon, 1864
Oil on canvas, 30 1/4 x 45 1/4 in. (76.8 x 114.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.99
Fitz Henry Lane (1804–1865)
Brace's Rock, Brace's Cove, 1864
Oil on canvas, 10 1/4 x 15 1/4 in. (26.0 x 38.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.83
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Hunter Mountain, Twilight, 1866
Oil on canvas, 30 5/8 x 54 1/8 in. (77.8 x 137.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.57
Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Morning in the Hudson, Haverstraw Bay, 1866
Oil on canvas, 14 1/4 x 30 1/4 in. (36.2 x 76.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.11
John La Farge (1835–1910
Paradise Valley, 1866–68
Oil on canvas, 32 5/8 x 42 in. (82.9 x 106.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1996.92
Martin Johnson Heade (1819–1904)
Newburyport Marshes: Approaching Storm, c. 1871
Oil on canvas, 15 1/4 x 30 1/8 in. (38.7 x 76.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.68
Alfred Thompson Bricher (1837–1908)
The Sidewheeler "The City of St. Paul" on the Mississippi River, Dubuque, Iowa, 1872
Oil on canvas mounted on board, 20 1/8 x 38 1/8 in. (51.1 x 96.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.18
Francis A. Silva (1835–1886)
On the Hudson near Haverstraw, 1872
Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 30 3/8 in. (46.4 x 77.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.16
Frederic Edwin Church (1826–1900)
The Iceberg, c. 1875
Oil on canvas, 22 x 27 in. (55.9 x 68.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.6
Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910)
Indian Encampment, c. 1870–76
Oil on canvas, 14 1/2 x 21 7/8 in. (36.8 x 55.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.151