Cosmopolitanism and the Gilded Age

James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834–1903)
The Zattere: Harmony in Blue and Brown, c. 1879
Pastel, with traces of black chalk, on brown wove paper, 11 x 7 5/8 in. (27.9 x 19.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.162

Object-James Abbott McNeill Whistler, The Zattere: Harmony in Blue and Brown

The American expatriate James Abbott McNeill Whistler was one of the nineteenth century’s most influential, controversial, and experimental artists. He executed this work, considered one of his finest pastels, during a yearlong stay in Venice. It captures a view of the Fondamenta della Zattere, on the city’s busy waterfront. Positioned high above the passersby, Whistler worked on the image over time, but the economical rendering of the scene in sketchy black outlines, spare touches of color, and patches of negative space all give the impression of a fleeting moment. The high horizon and perspective testify to his passion for Japanese woodblock prints, from which he also absorbed an aesthetic of linear detail balanced with flat, open areas. The drawing’s apparently unfinished state and seemingly random arrangement of colors demonstrate Whistler’s iconoclastic ideal of art as the harmonious organization of color, line, shape, and texture—independent of imposed subject matter.

Learn more about this painting on the Terra Foundation website.


James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834–1903)
The Zattere: Harmony in Blue and Brown, c. 1879
Pastel, with traces of black chalk, on brown wove paper, 11 x 7 5/8 in. (27.9 x 19.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.162

Cosmopolitanism and the Gilded Age

Childe Hassam (1859–1935)
Une Averse—rue Bonaparte, 1887
Oil on canvas, 40 3/8 x 77 7/16 in. (102.6 x 196.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1993.20
William Merritt Chase (1849–1916)
Morning at Breakwater, Shinnecock, c. 1897
Oil on canvas, 40 x 50 in. (101.6 x 127.0 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.30
Edmund C. Tarbell (1862–1938)
In the Orchard, 1891
Oil on canvas, 60 3/4 x 65 1/2 in. (154.3 x 166.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.141
Mary Cassatt (1844–1926)
Summertime, 1894
Oil on canvas, 39 5/8 x 32 in. (100.6 x 81.3 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1988.25
John Singer Sargent (1856–1925)
Breton Woman with a Basket, Study for “En route pour la pêche” and “Fishing for Oysters at Cancale”, 1877
Oil on canvas, 18 1/2 x 11 3/4 in. (47.0 x 29.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1996.53
John Singer Sargent (1856–1925)
Breton Girl with a Basket, Study for “En route pour la pêche” and “Fishing for Oysters at Cancale”, 1877
Oil on canvas, 19 x 11 1/2 in. (48.3 x 29.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.129
John Singer Sargent (1856–1925)
Girl on the Beach, Study for “En route pour la pêche” and “Fishing for Oysters at Cancale”, 1877
Oil on canvas, 19 x 11 1/2 in. (48.3 x 29.2 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.131
John Singer Sargent (1856–1925)
Young Boy on the Beach, Study for “En route pour la pêche” and “Fishing for Oysters at Cancale”, 1877
Oil on canvas, 17 1/4 x 10 1/4 in. (43.8 x 26.0 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.132
James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834–1903)
The Zattere: Harmony in Blue and Brown, c. 1879
Pastel, with traces of black chalk, on brown wove paper, 11 x 7 5/8 in. (27.9 x 19.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.162
James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834–1903)
Note in Red: The Siesta, by 1884
Oil on panel, 8 5/16 x 12 in. (21.1 x 30.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.149
Joseph H. Boston (1860–1954)
From Shore to Shore, 1885
Oil on canvas, 27 5/8 x 35 5/8 in. (70.2 x 90.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.13
George de Forest Brush (1855–1941)
The Weaver, 1889
Oil on canvas, 12 x 15 in. (30.5 x 38.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1988.23
Theodore Wendel (1859–1932)
Brook, Giverny, 1887
Oil on canvas, 28 1/2 x 35 5/8 in. (72.4 x 90.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1987.13
Irving Ramsey Wiles (1861–1948)
On the Veranda, 1887
Oil on canvas, 20 1/4 x 26 1/4 in. (51.4 x 66.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.152
Charles Courtney Curran (1861–1942)
Lotus Lilies, 1888
Oil on canvas, 18 x 32 in. (45.7 x 81.3 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.35
Dennis Miller Bunker (1861–1890)
Brittany Town Morning, Larmor, 1884
Oil on canvas, 14 x 22 in. (35.6 x 55.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1991.1
John Singer Sargent (1856–1925)
Dennis Miller Bunker Painting at Calcot, 1888
Oil on canvas mounted on Masonite, 27 x 25 1/4 in. (68.6 x 64.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.130
William Merritt Chase (1849–1916)
Spring Flowers (Peonies), by 1889
Pastel on paper, prepared with a tan ground, and wrapped with canvas around a wooden strainer, 48 x 48 in. (121.9 x 121.9 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.32
Childe Hassam (1859–1935)
Horse Drawn Cabs at Evening, New York, c. 1890
Watercolor on paper, 14 x 17 3/4 in. (35.6 x 45.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.66
John Leslie Breck (1860–1899)
Garden at Giverny (In Monet's Garden), c. 1887–91
Oil on canvas, 18 1/8 x 21 7/8 in. (46.0 x 55.6 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1988.22
Guy Rose (1867–1925)
Giverny Hillside, c. 1890–91
Oil on panel, 12 7/16 x 16 1/8 in. (31.6 x 41.0 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.2
Childe Hassam (1859–1935)
Horticulture Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893
Oil on canvas, 18 1/2 x 26 1/4 in. (47.0 x 66.7 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.67
Theodore Robinson (1852–1896)
Blossoms at Giverny, 1891–92
Oil on canvas, 21 5/8 x 20 1/8 in. (54.9 x 51.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.130
Lilla Cabot Perry (1848–1933)
Self-Portrait, c. 1889–96
Oil on canvas, 31 7/8 x 25 5/8 in. (81.0 x 65.1 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.107
Henry Ossawa Tanner (1859–1937)
Les Invalides, Paris, 1896
Oil on canvas, 13 1/8 x 16 1/8 in. (33.3 x 41.0 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.140
John H. Twachtman (1853–1902)
Winter Landscape, c. 1890–1900
Oil on canvas, 30 1/8 x 30 1/8 in. (76.5 x 76.5 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.136
Willard Metcalf (1858–1925)
Havana Harbor, 1902
Oil on canvas, 18 5/16 x 26 1/8 in. (46.5 x 66.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1992.49
Thomas Eakins (1844–1916)
Portrait of Thomas J. Eagan, 1907
Oil on canvas, 24 x 20 in. (61.0 x 50.8 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Art Acquisition Endowment Fund, 1998.1
Thomas Wilmer Dewing (1851–1938)
Portrait of a Lady Holding a Rose, 1912
Oil on canvas, 21 1/4 x 16 1/4 in. (54.0 x 41.3 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.46
Frederick Carl Frieseke (1874–1939)
Lady in a Garden, c. 1912
Oil on canvas, 31 7/8 x 25 3/4 in. (81.0 x 65.4 cm). Terra Foundation for American Art, Daniel J. Terra Collection, 1999.52